Construct Your Personal Photo voltaic Energy Generator for below $150.
1. Photo voltaic Powered LED Road mild with auto depth management:
LED primarily based road lights owing to their excessive effectivity and ease of depth management are actually incessantly changing the traditional HID primarily based road lamps. This challenge defines a LED primarily based mild system which is energy from a solar energy supply and their depth might be managed such that they’re switched on with most depth solely through the peak hours. The output from photo voltaic panels is saved throughout day time, in batteries and at evening this battery is used to energy the LEDs.
Right here on this challenge, an array of LEDs are used to signify the road lights. A cost controller unit is used to sense irregular situations like over charging, overload and low charging situations and accordingly management charging of the battery. The DC energy saved within the batteries is used to energy the array of LEDs by a change association. The depth of the LEDs are managed or different after specific time intervals by offering various responsibility cycle pulses to the change from the microcontroller. Thus utilizing PWM method, the solar energy is equipped to the LEDs to differ their depth.
2. Solar Monitoring Photo voltaic Panel:
This challenge defines a means for mounting of photo voltaic panels in order to obtain most radiation from the solar. Right here an lively tracker system is used the place the panel is positioned on the shaft of a motor and the motor is given correct rotation such that the panel is all the time oriented at 90 levels to obtain the utmost daylight.
3. Photo voltaic Energy Cost Controller:
One of many important elements of a solar energy system is the cost controller which is used for controlling the cost to the battery. As we all know, in a solar energy system, the photo voltaic vitality collected by the panels is saved in batteries with the intention to be used at evening occasions. Additionally this DC energy is transformed to AC energy utilizing inverters. Right here a system is designed to achieve the management of charging of the battery.
Right here comparators are used to sense any irregular situation like over charging, low voltage or overload situations and accordingly give output to regulate the charging of battery. A reference voltage is ready utilizing a possible divider association. Incase of overcharging, the indication is given by the glowing of LEDs and the present from the panel is bypasses by the transistor. Incase of low battery voltage and over load, the load change is made to be in off situation and the availability to the load is cutoff. Thus the charging and discharging of the battery is managed.
4. Photo voltaic Powered Auto Irrigation System:
Irrigation is synthetic provide of water to areas with scant rainfall or water provide. It’s typically required to regulate the availability of water by sensing the moisture content material within the soil. This challenge defines a approach to obtain this by utilizing a pump which is powered by photo voltaic vitality, in order to beat the frequent unavailability of mains provide and controlling the switching of the pump motor primarily based on the sensor enter which senses the moisture content material within the soil.
5. Photo voltaic Vitality Measurement System:
This technique is used to watch completely different parameters associated to the photo voltaic panel like temperature, mild depth, voltage and present and show the parameters on a LCD show.
Right here Four sensors are used to sense the completely different analog parameter, i.e. temperature, mild, voltage and present. These parameters are sensed utilizing sensors for every parameter. The output from the sensors are fed to the enter pins of the PIC microcontroller with inbuilt 8-channel ADC with Four of its channels getting used. The output from the sensors is then accordingly displayed on the LCD show in digital type.
Take a look at the few extra photo voltaic vitality primarily based challenge concepts talked about beneath.
Photo voltaic Powered Motor
Photo voltaic Water Heater
Distant Management Aircraft
3D Photo voltaic Cells
Sterling Engine Generator
Photo voltaic Cooker
Photo voltaic Powered Cell Charger
Photo voltaic Toy Automobile
Photo voltaic Powered Fridge
Beam Circuit Photo voltaic Engines
Steam Engine Powered by Solar Gentle
Photo voltaic Turbine Generator
Photo voltaic Powered Path Discovering Automobile
Photo voltaic Powered Generator
Photo voltaic Powered Bicycle
Photo voltaic Powered Bag
Photo voltaic Insect Robotic
Photo voltaic Powered Automated Rain Operated Wiper
Photo voltaic Powered Air Conditioner
Photo voltaic Vitality primarily based Water Pumps
Photo voltaic Vitality primarily based Water Purification System
We hope the above initiatives record is useful to engineering college students in getting higher concept about what kind of photo voltaic vitality initiatives could also be chosen in closing yr engineering.